Nationwide Trauma
Nationwide Trauma

Nationwide Trauma

Nearly 3,000 people died in the terrorist attacks on Sept. 11, 2001. Families lost loved ones, students lost friends, first responders lost colleagues. America was traumatized.

September 29, 2016


At least 10,000 firefighters, police officers and civilians exposed to the attacks have post-traumatic stress disorder, according to the city’s three 9/11 health programs as reported by The New York Times in 2011. These symptoms include insomnia, paranoia, flashbacks, emotional numbness and a sense of hopelessness.

The tragedy greatly impacted lower Manhattan residents. Those living south of Canal Street, near ground zero, were three times more likely to experience symptoms of mental illness, per a 2002 study published in the American Journal of Epidemiology. Research estimates as many as 67,000 New York City residents experienced PTSD and 87,000 had depression in the weeks following 9/11.

“The most common problem we saw following 9/11 was PTSD,” Dr. JoAnn Difede, director of the Program of Anxiety and Traumatic Stress Studies (PATSS), told “Even 15 years later, it still exists.”

PATSS is a trauma initiative within Weill Cornell Medical College’s Department of Psychiatry. It provides evidence-based treatment approaches to patients with mental health disorders. Difede said the program has seen numerous New Yorkers affected by the Sept. 11 terrorist attacks, including police officers, firefighters, construction workers and area residents who saw the planes crash into the towers.

Dr. Margaret Dessau witnessed the attacks. She heard the boom of a plane crashing into the first tower from her New York City apartment, eight blocks from the twin towers. In its aftermath, she had trouble sleeping and concentrating. She still replays the disaster in her mind and, as of August 2011, attends therapy regularly.

Esperanza Muñoz also saw the tragedy from a distance. Today, she battles constant flashbacks and nightmares. Her anxiety flares up at the sound of sirens or a passing plane. By 2009, she had twice attempted suicide. She cannot step foot in New York City without experiencing panic.

Dessau and Muñoz are far from alone in their struggles. A 2014 study by Columbia University found a high prevalence of PTSD and depression among survivors. The group consisted of rescue and recovery workers, New York City residents or area employees and passersby on the morning of Sept. 11, 2001.

However, individuals need not have witnessed the attacks to experience trauma. Newscasts replayed video footage of the tragedies on loop for months. Many Americans identified with the victims or may have had loved ones living in the New York City area. Others saw this as not just an attack on New York — but on the entire United States.

Just days after the attacks, researchers at Rand Corporation interviewed 560 U.S. adults at random and assessed their reactions to the events. Forty-four percent of participants experienced at least one substantial symptom of PTSD, such as disturbing memories or difficulty concentrating.

Read 498560 times Last modified on Friday, 30 September 2016 14:46
Rate this item
(1 Vote)

About Author

4333 Responses Found

  • Comment Link
    kobe bryant shoes Tuesday, 22 August 2017 20:55

    Durant eventually justify, media in the United States: the warriors no he will be swept by knight!
    kobe bryant shoes

  • Comment Link
    Charlesadush Tuesday, 22 August 2017 20:52

    cipla sildenafil citrate 100mg
    Buy Viagra Online
    buy viagra for women
    [url=]Buy Generic Viagra Online[/url]
    viagra generico tempo fazer efeito

  • Comment Link
    Merle Tuesday, 22 August 2017 20:44

    Do you have any video of that? I'd care to find out
    some additional information.

  • Comment Link
    de encargo etiqueta de metal Tuesday, 22 August 2017 20:38

    Nationwide Trauma

  • Comment Link
    tavla sk盲rmaskin Tuesday, 22 August 2017 20:37

    Nationwide Trauma

  • Comment Link
    adidas nmd shoes Tuesday, 22 August 2017 20:34

    Definitely believe that which you said. Your favorite justification appeared to be on the internet the simplest thing to be aware of. I say to you, I definitely get irked while people consider worries that they just don’t know about. You managed to hit the nail upon the top and defined out the whole thing without having side effect , people can take a signal. Will probably be back to get more. Thanks
    adidas nmd shoes

  • Comment Link
    air jordan retro Tuesday, 22 August 2017 20:28

    What’s up mates, its fantastic post concerning educationand entirely explained, keep it up all the time.
    air jordan retro

  • Comment Link
    sildenafil citrate Tuesday, 22 August 2017 20:24

    sexual dysfunction sildenafil citrate viagra cialis dosage pharmacy without
    dr prescriptions

  • Comment Link
    adidas pure boost Tuesday, 22 August 2017 20:23

    Seriously useful specifics that you have said, thank you for posting.
    adidas pure boost

  • Comment Link
    jordan retro Tuesday, 22 August 2017 20:04

    I merely need to show you that I am new to writing and clearly liked your page. Very likely I am inclined to store your blog post . You really have great article information. Appreciate it for giving out with us your current blog post
    jordan retro

Leave a comment

Make sure you enter the (*) required information where indicated. HTML code is not allowed.